Property taxes are due October 1, and are delinquent after December 31.
There are two reasons for your property taxes to increase: (1) a tax rate (millage) increase, or (2) an increase in the appraised value of the property. The first reason, a tax rate increase, would have to come from a vote of the citizens or by the taxing authority (County Commission) to increase (or decrease) the millage rate. The second situation, involving an increase in the appraised value, would come from a court ordered re-appraisal or from an "economically-based" increase in the market value of properties in the county, resulting in an increase in the appraised value.
A mill is one-tenth of one cent. The number of mills an agency charges for taxes is multiplied times the assessed value of the property, and the result is the tax amount due. For example: $100,000 (Appraised Value) X (Assessment Rate: 10%) = $10,000 (Assessed Value) X .0325 (County Millage Rate) = $325.00 (Tax Amount)
A homestead exemption is defined as a single-family owner-occupied dwelling and the land thereto, not exceeding 160 acres. The property owner may be entitled to a homestead exemption if he or she owns a single-family residence and occupies it as their primary residence on the first day of the tax year for which they are applying. There are several different types of exemptions a home owner can claim in the State of Alabama. Please visit your local county office to apply for a homestead exemption. For more information regarding homestead exemptions, view our Homestead Exemptions page.
The Revenue Commissioner places a value on all property. This office is located in your local County Courthouse.
The County Revenue Commissioner is not required to mail tax notices and does so only as a courtesy to the taxpayer. You are responsible for the payment of taxes whether you receive a statement or not.
1. You may visit the county tax office and make payment by cash, check, or money order. 2. You may pay by mail. View County Offices for mailing addresses. 3. Ask your mortgage company to pay the tax bill.
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1. Record the deed in the Probate Office. 2. Assess the property in the Revenue Commissioners Office. Note: Be sure to bring the deed. 3. If you purchased property during the year, you need to make sure the taxes are paid. The tax bill will usually be in the previous owner's name. You are responsible for taxes on all property you own, no matter how the bill may be listed. 4. Report all address changes promptly to your local Revenue Commissioner's Office in writing.
The law requires that owners, or their agent, must visit the Revenue Commissioner's Office no later than December 31 to sign a new assessment officially reporting any improvements made to or any removal of structures or features from their property, on or before October 1 of that year. Examples of improvements that should be reported would include: new structures or additions, swimming pools, extensive repairs, remodeling, or renovations; adding a fireplace, extra bath, patio, deck, carport, garage, etc. However, such things as re-roofing, minor repairs and painting, (normal maintenance type items), would not require a reassessment.
All Alabama counties are now under an 'annual reappraisal' program which requires the assessing official to review 1/4 of the County each year, and to assess any/all additional buildings identified during this process for the upcoming tax year. A review of 100% of the property in a county will be completed over a four year equalization cycle. The benefit to annual equalization is to improve equalization among similar and dissimilar properties. The annual equalization process also provides a stable as well as an enhanced revenue stream from property taxes for schools, municipal, county and state government. An equally important result is the small annual market value increase annually instead of the large market value increase of the four-year cycle. The Director of the Property Tax Division has the duties and responsibilities of managing the activities of the Division. The Code of Alabama 1975, Section 40-7-74 and 40-2-11, directs that the property reappraisal program shall be administered by the Commissioner of Revenue and supervised by the Director of the Property Tax Division.
The Code of Alabama 1975, Sections 40-3-20, 40-3-24, and 40-3-25 detail the appeals process. If you believe your property value is too high, you may file a written protest with the County Board of Equalization (BOE). Property owners are given 30 days to file an appeal after receiving written notice of change in valuation. Upon your appeal, you will be contacted by a county appraiser to review your valuation. If, after this review, you are still not satisfied with your valuation, a hearing will be set for you to formally meet with the BOE to present information you believe justifies a change in value. Following this hearing, you will be notified of the decision of the Board of Equalization. The Code of Alabama 1975, Section 40-7-71 states that any property owner may appeal from the finding of the county board of equalization. Such appeal shall be to the Circuit Court of the county where the property is located. Appeals may be made to Circuit Court within 30 days from the date the Board of Equalization notified you of their decision. In order to preserve your right to carry the appeal to Circuit Court, taxes must be paid by December 31 or a bond filed in Circuit Court in double the amount of taxes due.
If you are over 65 years of age, you are exempt from the state portion of property tax. However, you may or may not be exempt from the county portion, depending on your income. Please contact your local taxing official to claim your homestead exemption. For county contact information, view the county offices page.
The Alabama Legislature passed Act 2012-313 during the 2012 regular session that will change the qualifications for receiving a total exemption from ad valorem taxes for individuals who are either disabled or age sixty-five (65) and older. The effective date of Act 2012-313 is August 1, 2012. To qualify for this exemption, the taxpayer must be either:
1. Age 65 and older and have combined net taxable income of the taxpayer and his or her spouse on their latest United States Tax Return of $12,000 or less.
2. Retired because of permanent and total disability and the combined net taxable income of the taxpayer and his or her spouse on their latest United States Tax Return is $12,000 or less.
Net taxable income is the adjusted gross income less personal exemption and deductions. The net annual taxable income can be determined by referring to Line 43 of Form 1040, Line 27 of Form 1040A, or Line 6 of Form 1040EZ on the 2011 Federal Income Tax Return. The amounts entered on these lines are the net annual taxable income.
The Department of Revenue supplied each taxing official with the following documents:
a. A "Taxpayer Letter" explaining the law change and the need for recertification. b. A "Homestead Exemption Recertification Form" for taxpayers to complete and return to their local county office. c. A general purpose "Homestead Exemption Application Form" for all new applicants to complete when applying for any homestead exemption. d. A memo detailing what line on the Federal Income Tax Returns to use in the verification of the income requirement contained in the act.
Every taxpayer who has a homestead exemption based on being age 65 and older should have their exemption recertified because of the expanded income limitation (increased from $7,500 to $12,000). Taxpayers who may not have been eligible previously may now meet the income limitation and some who were eligible may not meet the new requirements.
When verifying income, the tax assessing official should consider the combined net taxable income of both the taxpayer and his/her spouse. The spouse’s income is still required even if his or her name is not on the deed to the property.
The Department recommends that a copy of the taxpayer’s submitted federal income tax return (with SSN redacted) be kept on file for audit documentation purposes when the recertification takes place, and for all new total homestead exemption applications approved.
If the taxpayer who is applying for the total exemption is not required to file a federal income tax return, then they must provide some other documentation to satisfy the income provision of ACT 2012-313. This other documentation can be as simple as a signed affidavit attesting to the fact that the taxpayer has income below the federal filing threshold and no return was filed for the most recent year.
No. The only taxpayers who are required to recertify are those receiving a homestead exemption based on age or disability.
This taxpayer will still be eligible for a total exemption from state ad valorem taxes, and because their income is above the $12,000 limitation, they will be eligible for the regular $2,000 county homestead exemption.
Any house acquired under this federal law is exempt from ad valorem taxation, as outlined in 40-9-20, as long as the property is owned and occupied by the veteran or his unremarried widow. The only thing exempted under this provision is the house. The taxpayer would still have to qualify for a homestead exemption on any acreage associated with their property. To be eligible for this federal grant, the veteran must have a “permanent and total” service-connected disability. Any associated land with the house is not exempted under 40-9-20. Therefore, to be totally exempt under 40-9-21, the taxpayer must still meet the income $12,000 combined net taxable income on their most recent federal income tax return.
A public tax auction is held every year usually the first Monday in May. Everything that hasn’t been paid prior will be auctioned off to the highest bidder.
Yes. You may redeem your property within 3 years of sale by paying all taxes, interest, fees, and penalties at the rate of 12% per annum.
No. Paying taxes on property does not constitute ownership. State law allows taxes to be paid by persons other than the owner(s).
The Property Tax Division makes the Book of Lands available for purchase and open for public inspection between 8:00 AM and 5:00 PM, Monday through Friday, except holidays. A transcript of properties available for purchase can also be viewed and printed from the following: transcripts of tax delinquent property.
Yes. The taxes follow the property. The tax liability must be satisfied by the property owner whether the taxes were incurred prior to current ownership. Never purchase property before having a title opinion from a reputable source. It is advisable to consult a competent attorney regarding your contemplated purchase of tax delinquent property.
Manufactured Home registration is due October 1, and delinquent November 30. Manufactured home owners have 30 days after they purchase a manufactured home or 30 days after it enters into the state to register their manufactured home.
The base registration fee is $24.00 for a Single-Wide and $48.00 for a Double-Wide or larger which is used for residential purposes. If the home is used for commercial purposes, these amounts are $48.00 for Single-Wide and $96.00 for a Double-Wide or larger.
Possibly. Sales tax could be due if it was not paid when the home was purchased. Some local fees may also apply such as garbage, fire, etc. Delinquent fees are added if the manufactured home is not registered in a timely manner.
Yes. All manufactured home owners who are over the age of 65 shall be exempt from payment of the registration fee on their owner-occupied manufactured home. However, the owner will be subject to the payment of the $5 issuance fee.
Yes. The manufactured home owner shall immediately attach the decal to the manufactured home. At all times thereafter, the decal should be displayed at eye level on the outside finish of the manufactured home for which the decal was issued. The decal shall be located one foot from the right corner on the side facing the street so as to be clearly visible from the street.
Personal Property is property not permanently affixed to or part of the real property, such as furniture, fixtures, and/or equipment. Everything that is not real estate is personal property.
Every individual, firm, or corporation owning business personal property in Alabama on October 1 of each year is required to report personal property. Any individual, firm, or corporation owning aircraft based in Alabama, regardless of use, and any individual firm or corporation that purchases a permanent trailer tag for a tractor trailer, truck trailer, or semi-trailer.
A complete itemized listing of all personal property owned on October 1 must be provided to the local assessing official in the taxing jurisdiction in which the property is located. This list must be submitted between October 1 and December 31 of each year to avoid penalty. The list must include a description of the property along with its acquisition date and cost.
Yes, the local assessing official must receive a form every year no later than December 31 to report equipment that is owned and located in the county as of October 1.
Yes, all assets owned as of the October 1 lien date must be reported with acquisition dates and acquisition costs. The depreciation schedule used in preparing income tax returns may be used. However, the depreciation schedule must be adjusted for additions and deletions so that it will contain property owned by the business on the October 1 lien date. Also, assets which are expensed rather than capitalized for income tax purposes and are not included on the depreciation schedule must be added to the taxpayer's listing so that all personal property is reported.
The Property Tax Division of the Alabama Department of Revenue has established procedures in the Alabama Personal Property Appraisal Manual for determining market value and the assessed value of personal property. All counties in the state of Alabama use this manual to achieve uniformity. The type of business, type of equipment, acquisition year, and acquisition date are all used in figuring values. For example, computer equipment depreciates more quickly than items of office furniture. Business Personal Property falls into Class II property and is assessed at 20% of its market value.
If you fail to file a listing of your Business Personal Property, a field review will be conducted in accordance with the provisions of Title 40 of the Code of Alabama 1975. During this field review, a listing will be made of your business personal property and this property will be assessed to you.
You will receive a tax bill the following October 1st, just like ad valorem taxes on real property. For instance, what you own this October 1 you will receive a tax bill for those items the next October 1.
When you purchased the equipment you paid sales tax and this is ad valorem tax or "ownership" tax that is solely based upon value. It is based neither upon the ability of the owner to pay nor upon the amount for which the property last sold.
Yes, and it will be. All counties are currently following the Alabama Department of Revenue guidelines to regularly audit businesses which have personal property.
You are encouraged to contact your county’s personal property department. For county contact information, view the county offices page.
Upon the sale, trade, total destruction, permanent removal from Alabama, theft without recovery, or other transfer of a motor vehicle constituting Class I, Class II, or Class IV property under Section 40-8-1, the owner of such motor vehicle will be entitled to a pro rata credit for the ad valorem taxes paid for the remainder of the then current period for which such taxes have been paid.
The owner has sixty (60) days to claim the credit voucher from the date the vehicle is sold, traded, totally destroyed, permanently removed from Alabama, stolen without recovery, or transferred to claim the credit voucher in the county in which the taxes were originally paid.
Yes. Ad valorem tax is a property tax and not a use tax and follows the property from owner to owner. Therefore, unlike registration fees, taxes accumulate even when a vehicle is not used on the highway.
Yes. As stated above, Ad valorem tax is a property tax and not a use tax and follows the property from owner to owner. Therefore, unlike registration fees, taxes accumulate even when a vehicle is not used on the highway. When an Alabama resident buys a vehicle with an outstanding ad valorem tax lien, the buyer must: Pay all ad valorem tax that has accrued on the purchased vehicle since it was last registered and any applicable interest and penalties on taxes that are delinquent, except for the ad valorem taxes that would have been due in arrears for the 1999 tax year. Also, transfer the buyer's current plate to the vehicle or purchase a new plate for the vehicle within 20 days of acquisition to avoid a late penalty.
A tax map is used to identify ownership of each parcel of land in the county. These drawings are representations of geographical features, property lines, and parcel identification numbers. Although tax maps are for tax purposes only and cannot be used for conveyance, these maps have proven to be very helpful to taxpayers for many reasons.
Continuously. Changes are received by the Mapping Department daily. These changes usually result from deeds being assessed in the Appraisal Department and/or recorded in the Probate Office. Other updates come from newly recorded subdivision plats, right-of-way surveys, etc.
This 16 digit number uniquely identifies every piece of property within the county for tax purposes. The parcel id number is broken down as follows:
16: Locator - this number is derived from the township and range of the property. The legend located on every tax map will depict this grid of locator numbers.
09: Area - this number refers the '4 section area' the property is located inside of. See the legend on the map for details.
31: Section - this is the section number
3: Quarter-section - this identifies the quarter section (i.e. NE1/4=1, NW1/4=2, SW1/4=3, SE1/4=4)
004: Block - some maps are broken down into blocks because of the number of parcels per map, this number identifies which block on the map
019.003: Parcel and sub-parcel - this is the number found on the map. Most often, leading zeros will not appear on the map. (i.e. 19.03)
Multiple parcel numbers do not affect the tax rate on your property. These numbers are simply for location and identification. There are several possible reasons for multiple parcel identification numbers: Property lies in two different sections, and each section is numbered independently, each parcel was previously owned by different individuals, or property was purchased at different times.