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Alabama Uniform Severance Tax Act (Act 2004-629)

Governor Bob Riley signed Act Number 2004-629 into law on May 25, 2004. This Act will be known as the Alabama Uniform Severance Tax Act and becomes effective on October 1, 2004. This applies to all persons severing natural materials within the state of Alabama.

Summary of Changes

  • Repealed or replaced Act 99-255 (Macon County), Act 94-478 (Cleburne County), Act 91-609 (Hale County), and other conflicting local laws. The local tax of any county in which on October 1, 2004 the severance tax is an amount of 25 cents ($.25) or more per ton is not repealed. Therefore, the Act does not affect the current $0.25 per ton tax for Coosa County. The Coosa County tax return must still be filed as previously instructed.
  • Levies ten cents ($0.10) per ton statewide tax on all natural minerals severed and sold as tangible personal property.
  • Producers are required to remit the tax and file the tax return by the twentieth (20th) day of the month next succeeding the month the tax accrues.
  • Severed material is defined as all natural minerals, including, but not limited to, sand, gravel, sandstone, granite, shale, clay, dolomite, limestone, except clay that produces lightweight aggregate.
  • Severed material does not include: lime or limestone used for agricultural purposes or for pollution control or abatement purposes, nor rock dust used for settling coal dust in underground mines or similar uses, nor any natural minerals used for the purpose of producing Portland cement, nor processed sand used in the foundry cores, mold, and linings, nor clay that produces lightweight aggregate, nor any chert including county or municipality owned chert facilities, marble and marble by-products, iron ore, quartzite, coal, oil and natural gas.
  • The severance tax does not apply to severed material moved from one place to another on the same site or transported to another site owned by the same operator or producer.
  • The severance tax does not apply to sales made directly to sovereign governmental entities (federal, state or county). Cities, as municipal corporations, are subject to the tax.
  • In addition, the severance tax does not apply to material severed and used by a producer, operator, or any other person for fill.
  • The tax is due on all minerals that are sold to a purchaser for use outside the state when such minerals are transported on public roads in Alabama.
  • The tax levied by this Act shall be collected by the producer from the purchaser at the time of sale or delivery, whichever occurs first, provided the tax is identified as a severance tax on the bill of sale, invoice or similar sales document.
  • Any tax not identified and collected from the purchaser must still be paid by the producer.



Severance & License Tax Section
Business & License Tax Division
P. O. Box 327560
Montgomery, Alabama 36132-7495
Phone: 334-242-9612
Fax: 334-353-1809