All real and personal property in Alabama is subject to property tax unless specifically exempted by law. The Alabama Constitution of 1901 and Alabama law contain various property tax provisions that may be considered as industrial incentives.
Amendment 373 of the Constitution provides that all real and personal business property will be assessed at 20% of its fair market value. That is, for property with a fair market value of $1,000,000, the assessed value would be $200,000 ($1,000,000 * 20%). The combined state and local millage rate would then be applied to the assessed value.
Section 214 of the Constitution limits the state millage rate on both real and personal property to 6.5 mills (3 mills for education, 1 mill for relief, and 2.5 mills for general uses). This rate is equivalent to a tax of $6.50 for every $1000 of assessed value.
However, both cities and counties may levy millage rates in addition to the state’s 6.5 mills. These local rates vary, but the average rate statewide is 42 mills, including the state’s 6.5 mills. For real and personal business property with a fair market value of $1,000,000 the average property tax would be only $8,400 ($1,000,000 * 20% * .042).
For current millage rates see the Property Tax division millage rates information page.
Alabama has several abatement programs that allow qualified industries to receive abatements of non-educational property taxes for new businesses locating to Alabama, and for expansions of existing facilities in Alabama. TIRA is in law at Chapter 9B, Title 40, Code of Alabama 1975.
All equipment, facilities, or materials constructed or acquired primarily for the control, reduction, or elimination of air or water pollution are statutorily exempt from property taxation. The pollution control exemption is provided in Section 40-9-1(20), Code of Alabama 1975. Learn more about property tax exemptions
All raw materials, finished goods, and stocks of goods, wares, and merchandise held for resale are statutorily exempt from property taxes. The raw materials exemption is provided in Section 40-9-1(13), Code of Alabama 1975. The finished goods exemption is provided in Section 40-1(14), Code of Alabama 1975. The inventory exemption is provided in Section 40-9-1(23), Code of Alabama 1975, and in Amendment 373 to the Alabama Constitution of 1901.
Alabama law (Sections 11-51-220 through 11-51-241, Code of Alabama 1975) allows the governing body of a Class 6 City to grant two kinds of exemptions from city property taxes, separately from, and in addition to, the tax abatements mentioned above. Alabama cities are classified by population, according to the 1970 Census (see Section 11-40-12, Code of Alabama 1975).